What are Quotations?
Whenever you choose to use someone else’s words in an essay you must indicate to the readers that the words are not your own by using quotations. You can use footnotes and proper formatting to give the credit to the original author. Follow the tips below to write quotations effectively.
When to Use?
Do not use quotations unnecessarily. Make sure to use them when required. It is important that your quotations make a powerful point in an essay. Introduce them in your own words and be sure that they fit the flow of your essay.
Use Quotation Marks
Use double quotation marks if a quotation is direct and not more than four lines long. Avoid quotation marks where you have paraphrased a quotation in your own words.
If a quotation is more than four lines long indent it. Do not use double quotation marks if it is indented.
How to Use?
Make sure to capitalize the first letter of the quotation if it is a complete sentence but if it is a fragment do not capitalize the first letter. Use commas and periods inside the quotation and colons and semicolons outside. If required, use exclamation points and question marks inside the quotation if they are a part of quotation but use them outside the quotation if it refers to the whole sentence.
Use footnotes for all quotations and paraphrased quotations. Footnotes are written at the end of the page or at the end of an essay.
Use these basic tips to write effective quotations for an essay.