Ratio shows how one number is in relationship with another and can be expressed in many ways like in form of percentage or proportion or co-efficient and can be found out simply by dividing one number by another. The term “accounting ratios” is used to elucidate a noteworthy link between figures shown on any balance sheet, in a loss and profit report which is in any budgetary control scheme or in any other part of organization. In the elucidation of economic performance of any entity, accounting ratio assists. It is fundamental in gauging a business’s health and also its commercial reliability to have information like business solvency, profitability of it, ability to make short term and long term reliably, and the return on its assets. For all the shareholders, potential investors, creditors, the management, regulatory bodies and guarantors, this sort of information is very important. It can also be called as financial statements analysis. It can be divided into some main categories which are Profitability ratios, Capital Market Ratios, Leverage or Gearing Ratios, Asset or Inventory Management and Liquidity Ratios which are used in different sorts of situations and case like in traditional like ratios profit, loss or incoming and outgoing ratios, balancing sheet ratios or position ratios and composite ratios are used while in significant ratios primary and secondary ratios are used. Accounting ratios show up a link between accounting data and analysis of ratio has many benefits like it simplifies the comprehension of financial statements as it explains the whole updates or improvements of financial conditions of business, it exposes strong firms, weak firms, overrated firms and underrated firms along with the highlights about their related factors, it helps a lot in planning and forecasting, and it also helps in investment decisions in case of investors and lending in case of bankers etc.